This may be done as a marketing promotion, or for other reasons. It is not uncommon to include singles as bonus tracks on re-issues of old albums, where those tracks weren't originally included. Online music stores allow buyers to create their own albums by selecting songs themselves; bonus tracks may be included if a customer buys a whole album rather than just one or two songs from the artist.
The song is not necessarily free nor is it available as a stand-alone download, adding also to the incentive to buy the complete album. In contrast to hidden tracks , bonus tracks are included on track listings and usually do not have a gap of silence between other album tracks.
Bonus tracks on CD or vinyl albums are common in Japan for releases by European and North American artists; since importing international copies of the album can be cheaper than buying a domestically-released version, Japanese releases often feature bonus tracks to incentivize domestic purchase. Commercial sheet music are published in conjunction with the release of a new album studio, compilation, soundtrack, etc.
A matching folio songbook is a compilation of the music notation of all the songs included in that particular album. It typically has the album's artwork on its cover and, in addition to sheet music, it includes photos of the artist. Vinyl LP records have two sides, each comprising one-half of the album. If a pop or rock album contained tracks released separately as commercial singles , they were conventionally placed in particular positions on the album. Today, many commercial albums of music tracks feature one or more singles, which are released separately to radio, TV or the Internet as a way of promoting the album.
Double albums during the Seventies were sometimes sequenced for record changers. In the case of a two-record set, for example, sides 1 and 4 would be stamped on one record, and sides 2 and 3 on the other.
The user would stack the two records onto the spindle of an automatic record changer, with side 1 on the bottom and side 2 on the other record on top. Side 1 would automatically drop onto the turntable and be played.
When finished, the tone arm's position would trigger a mechanism which moved the arm out of the way, dropped the record with side 2, and played it. When both records had been played, the user would pick up the stack, turn it over, and put them back on the spindle—sides 3 and 4 would then play in sequence. It was a further development of the similar Stereo-Pak four-track cartridge created by Earl "Madman" Muntz. A later quadraphonic version of the format was announced by RCA in April and first known as Quad-8, then later changed to just Q8.
The Compact Cassette was a popular medium for distributing pre-recorded music from the early s to the early s. After the introduction of Compact discs, the term "Mixtape" began to apply to any personal compilation of songs on any given format. The compact disc format replaced both the vinyl record and the cassette as the standard for the commercial mass-market distribution of physical music albums.
Most recently, the MP3 audio format has matured, revolutionizing the concept of digital storage. Early MP3 albums were essentially CD-rips created by early CD- ripping software, and sometimes real-time rips from cassettes and vinyl.
The contents of the album are usually recorded in a studio or live in concert, though may be recorded in other locations, such as at home as with JJ Cale's Okie ,   Beck's Odelay ,  David Gray's White Ladder ,  and others ,    in the field - as with early Blues recordings,  in prison,  or with a mobile recording unit such as the Rolling Stones Mobile Studio.
Most albums are studio albums — that is, they are recorded in a recording studio with equipment meant to give those overseeing the recording as much control as possible over the sound of the album. They minimize external noises and reverberations and have highly sensitive microphones and sound mixing equipment.
In some studios, each member of a band records their part in separate rooms or even at separate times, while listening to the other parts of the track with headphones to keep the timing right. In recent years, with the advent of email , it has become possible for musicians to record their part of a song in another studio in another part of the world, and send their contribution over email to be included in the final product.
The recording process may occur within a few hours or may take several years to complete, usually in several takes with different parts recorded separately, and then brought or " mixed " together. Studios are built to absorb sound, eliminating reverberation, to assist in mixing different takes; other locations, such as concert venues and some "live rooms", allow for reverberation, which creates a "live" sound.
Concert or stage performances are recorded using remote recording techniques. Live albums may be recorded at a single concert , or combine recordings made at multiple concerts. They may include applause and other noise from the audience, comments by the performers between pieces, improvisation, and so on.
They may use multitrack recording direct from the stage sound system rather than microphones placed among the audience , and can employ additional manipulation and effects during post-production to enhance the quality of the recording. Live double albums emerged during the s. Appraising the concept in Christgau's Record Guide: Rock Albums of the Seventies , Robert Christgau said most "are profit-taking recaps marred by sound and format inappropriate to phonographic reproduction you can't put sights, smells, or fellowship on audio tape.
The best-selling live album worldwide is Garth Brooks ' Double Live , which shipped over A solo album , in popular music , is an album recorded by a current or former member of a musical group which is released under that artist's name only, even though some or all other band members may be involved.
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Reggae Gold Producer, Composer, Lyricist. Purple Haze. Pop Hits Inna Reggae, Vol. No Gray Area. White Boy. Neighborhood Watch. My Boo. My Baby's Daddy. More or Less. Maximum Kanye West. Massive, Vol. MTV: The Base. Kiss of Death. Kiss Presents: Hip Hop Collection. Kidz Bop 6. Sign up Log in. Web icon An illustration of a computer application window Wayback Machine Texts icon An illustration of an open book.
Books Video icon An illustration of two cells of a film strip. Video Audio icon An illustration of an audio speaker. Audio Software icon An illustration of a 3. Software Images icon An illustration of two photographs.View credits, reviews, tracks and shop for the Cassette release of Insane Music For Insane People Vol. 8 on Discogs. Continue Reading